Documents from Bulgaria:
Documents from Kyrgyzstan:
Documents from Ukraine:
Documents from Uzbekizstan:
WASH coalition in Bulgaria:
WSSCC National Coordinator: Diana Iskreva-Idigo
Executive Director Earth Forever, Bulgaria
Tel./Fax: +359 42 63 46 41
WASH coalition in Kyrgyzstan:
WSSCC National coordinator: Zura Mendikulova
513 Frunze Street Apt. 5
Tel.: 996 312 215 853
WASH coalition in Ukraine:
WSSCC National coordinator: Anna Tsvietkova
Water and Sanitation Programme Coordinator
National Environmental NGO MAMA - 86
4 Yangel Academician Str., apt.126,
Kyiv 03057, Ukraine
Tel.: + 38 044 456 1338
Fax:+ 38 044 453 4796
WASH coalition in Uzbekizstan
WSSCC National coordinator: Oral Ataniyazova
P. O. Box 27,
ul. Sharafa Rashidova 39a,
Fact Sheet, Kyrgyzstan
Most of Kyrgyz water originates from melting snow and glaciers. Precipitation varies from 130 to 680 millimetres per year. By international agreement, 25 percent of water resources can be retained. These are used generally used for irrigation (90% of water consumption), as the lowlands suitable for agriculture are located in a zone of insufficient moistening. Irrigation canals are taking out water from the river basins Chu, Talas Syrdaria, lake Issyk-Kul. 80 percent of the arable land in the country is irrigated.
Kyrgyzstan has considerable reserves of water resources – annual average makes 2,458 km3. There are total of 27826 rivers are located on the country territory; majority of these are trans-boundary rivers.
The main source of drinking water supply is ground water. This is also used to meet industrial, and partially irrigation needs.
One third of the country's 4.6 million inhabitants has piped water to their homes. Another third is served from stand posts or water tankers, and the remaining third is not served. Half of the villages have no functioning water system. In the southern Oblasts of Osh and Jalalabad, only about 25 percent of the villages have working water systems. Due to poor maintenance of the facilities and insufficient resources available for operations, the reliability and safety of the service of great concern and source of discontent for the population. Intermittent water supply is regular phenomenon, particularly in the summer months.
Water resources taken from nature raised to 8.007 billion m3; 306 of these from ground water sources (2006). 4.533 billion m3 consists the utilized water volume; 93% of it served for irrigation; and 3% was supplied for the needs of the households. Water losses are reported to be the average of 40% for the country. 21% of the wastewater is treated: 1.6% of this volume is in villages. 62 towns and 40 villages are served by operated sewerage systems.
In Narinkaya oblast only 59.5% of the population has access to drinking water with adequate quality. Sewerage services are extremely limited in some areas of the country: Baketskaya oblast 3.1%, Talaskaya oblast 3.4%, Norinskaya oblast 4.5%. The capital Bishkek is 100% supplied with drinking water of adequate quality, and 79.2% covered by operating sewerage services.
Population with safe access to: